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Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a subset of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that provides computers with the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed and to make intelligent decisions. It also enables machines to grow and improve with experiences. It has various applications in science, engineering, finance, healthcare and medicine.

Advantages of Machine Learning-

  • Useful where large-scale data is available
  • Large-scale deployments of Machine Learning beneficial in terms of improved speed and accuracy
  • Understands non-linearity in the data and generates a function mapping input to output (Supervised Learning)
  • Recommended for solving classification and regression problems
  • Ensures better profiling of customers to understand their needs
  • Helps serve customers better and reduce attrition

 

Deep Learning

Deep Learning is a subset of Machine Learning which deals with deep neural networks. It is based on a set of algorithms that attempt to model high-level abstractions in data by using multiple processing layers, with complex structures or otherwise, composed of multiple non-linear transformations.

 Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is a technique which enables computers to mimic human behaviour. In other words, it is the area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines that work and reacts like humans. With increasing world of AI, knowledge transfer is also very much necessary.

Types of Artificial Intelligence:

  • Narrow Artificial Intelligence – Narrow artificial intelligence is also known as weak AI. It is an artificial intelligence that mainly focuses on one narrow task. Narrow AI is defined in contrast to either strong AI or artificial general intelligence. All currently existing systems consider artificial intelligence of any sort is weak AI at most. It is commonly used in sales predictions, weather forecasts & playing games. Computer vision & Natural Language Processing (NLP) is also a part of narrow AI. Google translation engine is a good example of narrow Artificial Intelligence
  • Artificial General Intelligence
  • Artificial Super Intelligence

 Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of things (IoT) refers to an umbrella that covers the entire network of physical devices, home appliances, vehicles and other items embedded with software, sensors, actuators, electronics and connectivity, or we can say with an IP address (Internet Protocol), which enables these objects to connect and exchange data, which resulting in enhanced efficiency, accuracy and economic advantage in addition to reduced human involvement.

Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) & Chainer

A human brain has neurons that help in adaptability, learning ability & to solve any problem. Unlike Human brain, computer scientists dreamt for computers to solve the perceptual problems that fast. And hence, ANN model came into existence. Artificial Neural Networks is nothing but a biologically inspired computational model that consists of processing elements (neurons) and connections between them, as well as of training and recall algorithms.

Deep Learning Frameworks

Deep Learning is a subset of Machine Learning which deals with deep neural networks. It is based on a set of algorithms that attempt to model high-level abstractions in data by using multiple processing layers, with complex structures or otherwise, composed of multiple non-linear transformations. Deep Learning is able to solve more complex problems and perform greater tasks. Deep Learning Framework is an essential supporting fundamental structure that helps to make complexity of DL little bit easier.

The Role of AI & Machine Learning in Medical Science

Machine learning works effectively in the presence of huge data. Medical science is yielding large amount of data daily from research and development (R&D), physicians and clinics, patients, caregivers etc. These data can be used for synchronizing the information and using it to improve healthcare infrastructure and treatments. This has potential to help so many people, to save lives and money. As per a research, big data and machine learning in pharma and medicine could generate a value of up to $100B annually, based on better decision-making, optimized innovation, improved efficiency of research/clinical trials, and new tool creation for physicians, consumers, insurers and regulators.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Speech Recognition

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a sub-set of artificial intelligence that focuses on system development that allows computers to communicate with people using everyday language. Natural language generation system converts information from computer database into readable human language and vice versa.

The field of NLP is divided in 2 categories:-

  • Natural Language Understanding (NLU)
  •  Natural Language Generation (NLG)

Computer Vision and Image Processing

Computer Vision is a sub-branch of Artificial Intelligence whose goal is to give computers the powerful facility for understanding their surrounding by seeing the things more than hearing or feeling, just like humans. It is used for processing, analyzing and understanding digital images to extract information from that. In other words, it transforms the visual images into description of the words.

Pattern Recognition

Pattern Recognition is a classification of Machine Discovering that predominantly concentrates on the acknowledgement of the structure and regularities in detail; however, it is considered almost similar to machine learning. Pattern Recognition has its cause from engineering, and the term is known with regards to Computer vision. Pattern Recognition, for the most part, has a better enthusiasm to formalize, illuminate and picture the pattern and give the last outcome, while machine learning customarily concentrates on expanding the recognition rates before giving the last yield. Pattern Recognition algorithms normally mean to give a reasonable response to every single input and to perform in all probability coordinating of the data sources, taking into charge their statistical variety. There are various uses of Pattern Recognition.

 Facial Expression and Emotion Detection

The use of machines in the public has expanded widely in the most recent decades. These days, machines are utilized as a part of a wide range of businesses. As their introduction with people increment, the communication additionally needs to wind up smoother and more characteristic. Keeping in mind the end goal to accomplish this, machines must be given an ability that let them get it the encompassing condition. Exceptionally, the intentions of a person. At the point when machines are eluded, this term includes to computers and robots.

Predictive Analytics

Predictive Analytics is the branch of advanced analytics which offers a clear view of the present and deeper insight into the future. It uses different techniques and algorithms from statistics and data mining, to analyze current and historical data to predict the outcome of future events and interactions.

Big Data, Data Science and Data Mining

Nowadays, a huge quantity of data is being produced daily. Machine Learning uses those data and provides a noticeable output that can add value to the organization and will help to increase ROI,

Big Data is informational indexes that are so voluminous and complex that conventional data handling application programming is lacking to manage them. Big Data challenges incorporate capturing data, data storagedata analysis, search, sharing, transfer, visualization, querying, and updating and data security. There are three dimensions to Big Data known as Volume, Variety and Velocity.

Data Science manages both structured and unstructured data. It is a field that incorporates everything that is related to the purging, readiness and last investigation of data. Data science consolidates the programming, coherent thinking, arithmetic and statistics. It catches information in the keenest ways and supports the capacity of taking a gander at things with an alternate point of view.

Data mining is essentially the way toward collecting information from gigantic databases that was already immeasurable and obscure and after that utilizing that information to settle on applicable business choices. To put it all the more essential, Data mining is an arrangement of different techniques that are utilized as a part of the procedure of learning disclosure for recognizing the connections and examples that were beforehand obscure. We can thusly term data mining as a juncture of different fields like artificial intelligence, data room virtual base management, pattern recognition, visualization of data, machine learning, and statistical studies and so on.

Big Data Analytics

Big Data Analytics gives a handful of usable data after examining hidden patterns, correlations and other insights from a large amount of data. That as a result, leads to smarter business moves, higher profits, more efficient operations and finally happy customers.

Big Data Analytics adds value to the organization in following ways:

  • Cost reduction
  • Faster, Better decision making
  • New Products and Services

Dimensionality Reduction

In Machine Learning, when machine captures data, they find random data. Then machine learning uses dimensionality reduction or dimension reduction is the process for reducing the number of random variables under consideration by obtaining a set of principal variables. It can be divided into feature selection and feature extraction.

Model Selection and Boosting

Model Selection is the undertaking of choosing a statistical model from an arrangement of candidate models, given information. In the least difficult cases, a prior arrangement of information is considered. However, the assignment can likewise include the outline of trials with the end goal that the information gathered is appropriate to the problem of model selection. Given candidate models of comparable prescient or illustrative power, the least complex model is well on the way to be the best decision

Boosting is a machine learning ensemble meta-algorithm for essentially lessening inclination, and furthermore changes in supervised learning, and a group of machine learning algorithms which change over weak learners to strong ones. A weak learner is characterized to be a classifier which is just marginally related to the genuine characterization (it can name cases superior to anything irregular speculating). Conversely, a strong learner is a classifier that is subjectively all around connected with the genuine classification.

Object Detection with Digits

Object detection with digits is a piece of Deep Learning. It is a standout amongst the most difficult issues in computer vision and is the initial phase in a several computer vision applications. The objective of an object detection system is to recognize all examples of objects of a known classification in a picture.

 Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing is a delivery model of computing services over the internet. It enables real-time development, deployment and delivery of broad range of products, services and solutions. It is built around a series of hardware and software that can be remotely accessed through any web browser. Generally, documents and programming are shared and dealt with by numerous clients and all information is remotely brought together as opposed to being put away on clients’ hard drives.

  • Core Cloud Services
  • Cloud Technologies
  • On-Demand Computing Models
  • Client-Cloud Computing Challenges

Cloud Computing has 3 service categories:

  • SaaS (Software as a service)
  • PaaS (Platform as a service)
  • IaaS (Infrastructure as a service)

There are few Pros of Cloud Computing:

  • Scale and cost
  • Choice and Agility
  • Encapsulated Change Management
  • Nest Generation Architectures

Few Cons of Cloud Computing are as given below:

  • Lock-in to service
  • Security (Hacking)
  • Lack of Control and Ownership
  • Reliability

Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

Robotic Automation lets organizations automate current tasks as if a real person was doing them across applications and systems. RPA is a cost cutter and a quality accelerator. Therefore RPA will directly impact OPEX and customer experience, and benefit to the whole organization and this is why it becomes a main topic to be discussed worldwide,

Benefits of Robotic Process Automation (RPA) 

  • Customer flexibility, response time, accuracy, experience will increase.
  • Staff of a company can add more value to the organization. Their loyalty will enhance along with their engagement with the employees.
  • At last the company will get benefited with respect to profitability, consistency, growth and agility
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